Diabetes is a life-long disease that develops when your body's gland, called the pancreas, does not produce enough insulin hormone or if the insulin hormone it produces cannot be used effectively. As a result, the person cannot use glucose that passes blood from the foods he eats, that is, glucose and blood sugar rises (hyperglycemia).
Most of the foods we eat, especially those containing carbohydrates, are converted into glucose to be used for energy in the body. The pancreas, an organ located on the back surface of the stomach, produces a hormone called "insulin" that allows our muscles and other tissues to take glucose from the blood and use it as energy. Glucose, which enters the blood with nutrients, enters the cells through the hormone insulin. Cells use glucose as fuel. If the amount of glucose is more than the body's need for fuel, it is stored in the liver (sugar storage = glycogen), adipose tissue.

It is important to gain healthy eating habits to control blood sugar in diabetes treatment. As in individuals without diabetes, learning adequate and balanced nutrition and applying what they have learned in daily life is the basis of a healthy life.

Healthy Eating: Eating more of the foods eaten, especially carbohydrate-containing foods, more than the body needs, increases blood sugar levels. It is important to provide diabetes-specific nutritional therapy for blood sugar control.

People with diabetes need to have the same nutritional needs of others. Every person needs energy, carbohydrates, protein, fat, fiber, vitamins, minerals. Having a person with diabetes does not mean reducing or increasing one or more of these requirements.

Exercise: Exercise allows your body to use glucose effectively and control blood sugar. It also helps people with fat type 2 diabetes to lose weight.

Pharmaceutical / Insulin: Insulin is a hormone that ensures the use of sugar that passes into the blood with nutrients, thereby preventing blood sugar spikes. People with type 1 diabetes need insulin to live. Insulin addiction is not an addictive substance. Insulin is essential for life. If the body does not make insulin, it is necessary to replace the deficiency in the body by injection. People with type 2 diabetes may need oral medications or insulin to adjust blood sugar.